In this article we’ll discover some of the world’s most beautiful Islamic monuments. They are sorted by region and chronological order.
Cave of Hira – Mecca: This is the cave where the Prophet Mohammed received his first revelation from God, through the angle Jibril.
Quba Mosque – Madina: The oldest mosque built in Islam under the Prophet Muhammad. It has been renewed many times, most recently in the era of the modern Saudi state.
Al-Masjid al-Nabawi: The second most important Islamic site, contains the tomb of Mohammed (green dome). The second largest mosque in the world is built here, since 622 AD. Rebuilt several times, the most important reconstruction of the 19th and 20th centuries.
Masjid al-Haram – Mecca: The largest mosque in the world was founded in 638 AD around Kaaba, and is considered the holiest site of all Muslims.
Middle East and Levant
Al-Aqsa Mosque – Palestine
One of the holiest sites in Islam, the Prophet Muhammad went here from Mecca to ascend to heaven and then return the same night. It is the second oldest mosque in history, originally built in the first half of the 7th century, while the current building dates back to 1035.
Dome of the Rock Mosque – Palestine
The oldest Islamic building in the world, built in 691 AD. It is one of the holiest sites in the Islamic religion.
Umayyad Mosque – Damascus
One of the largest and oldest mosques in the world, where the head of John the Baptist is located. It was built between 706 – 715 AD.
The Great Mosque in Aleppo – Syria
The present one built in the 13th century and a minaret from 1090 or older. The father of John the Baptist was buried here.
Imam Hussein Shrine – Karbala, Iraq
This mosque was built on the tomb of the second grandson of the Prophet Muhammad. It was first built in 684 AD, and it has been rebuilt several times ever since. The current shape of the mosque is filled with gold and decorated with jewels.
Great Mosque of Samarra – Salah al-Din District
A huge mosque built in 851 AD. It contains a 52 meters minaret in the shape of a cone. The mosque was destroyed by terrorists in 2005.
Imam Ali Mosque – Najaf
The cousin of the Prophet Muhammad, Ali Abi Talib, is buried in this mosque, which was founded in 977. The current building is covered in gold, and it was built after 1500. It is considered to be one of the most important Islamic sites.
Mosque of Uqba – Kairouan, Tunisia
The oldest mosque in the Western Islamic world, built in 670 AD. The beautiful building resembles a castle.
Hassan II Mosque – Morocco, Casablanca
The third largest mosque in the world, with the highest minaret in the world up to 210 meters high. Built in 1993, half of the mosque was built above the Atlantic Ocean.