There are about 109 mountains more than 7200 meters above sea level in the world. It’s an intriguing coincidence that they are located in South and Central Asia. Today’s article is going to be about the world’s three highest mountains.
Everest is the highest mountain peak in the world and is located in the Mahalangur Mountains in Nepal and Tibet. Its height reaches 8,848 meters above sea level. Because of its popularity around the world, Mount Everest attracts many climbers, especially the most experienced. There are two main routs to Everest’s top, known as the “standard” route from south-eastern Nepal, and the other starts from northern Tibet.
Efforts to reach the peak of Mount Everest were said to have been carried out by British climbers a long time ago. However, the first successful climb on May 29, 1953 was recorded by climbers Edmund Hillary (NZ) and Tenzing Norgay (India). In the upper parts of Mount Everest, climbers have to go through a tough area known as Death Zone. This area is at an altitude of over 8,000 meters, and you must not stay here for more than 12 hours.
The second highest mountain in the world after the Everest summit and the hardest to climb, K2 is 8,611 meters above sea level. The mountain is 1,500 kilometers west of Everest in central Asia, on the border between China and Pakistan. In addition, K2 is the highest peak in the Karakorum Range and also the highest peak in Pakistan.
K2, known as Mount Savage, is known for its extreme difficulty. In addition, it has the second highest mortality rate among mountains that are more than 8,000 meters above sea level. There were about 300 successful attempts to reach the top of the mountain and 80 deaths. This means that one in four people who attempt to climb dies.
The first success was recorded on July 31, 1954 by Lino Lasidelli and Achille Compagnoni, the climbers who were the first mission led by talian Ardito Desio.
The most difficult path to climb to the top of K2 is believed to be the one starting close to China. That is why most climbers climb on the Pakistani side. Nobody ever attempted to climb the mountain during winter, and it is believed that this will never happen.
The third highest mountain in the world, it is located in Nepal with a height of about 8,586 meters above sea level. In addition, there is a part of it in the Himalayas called Kanchenjunga Himal. At the same time, Kanchenjunga was the second highest peak in the Himalayas after Everest. Until 1852 it was thought that Kanchenjunga was the highest mountain in the world.
After the calculations were made, the conclusion was that Mount Everest is the highest. After further investigation, in 1856 it was announced that Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world after Everest and K2.
The first successful ascension of Mount Kanchenjunga on 25 May 1955 was by Joe Brown and George Band, who were part of a British expedition. In 1925 there was a British geological expedition that noticed the existence of a creature with two feet and after checking with the locals about it, they referred to it as “demon Kanchenjunga”. So far, no one knows whether this is true or just a myth.