Romania is one of the oldest historical countries in Europe. This beautiful country has many diverse and magnificent landscapes and has been home to various ancient historial cultures throughout the times.
You’ll find here various architecture styles and amazing structures, historical cities and towns, which include hundreds of buildings with valuable historical heritage, such as the cities of Brasov, Sibiu and Sighisoara, some of the most impressive old cities in Europe.
Get to visit some of the medieval monasteries featuring hand-painted frescoes, the castles and palaces of which Romania is famous for, such as the famous castle of Bran, which revived the character of Dracula historic, the huge castle of Corvin, and many other castles and ruins that still exist to this day.
In today’s article we will learn about the most important historical cities in Romania, as well as some of its famous castles.
Brasov – Old City
One of the most beautiful historical cities in this part of Europe, a medieval city built by residents of the Transylvanian province of Saxony. You can enjoy beautiful views of this city from over the surrounding mountains.
Rimetea – Alba
Rimetea is an old city dating back to the 13th century and contains many small, white houses along the streets, with beautiful high mountains in the background. This city contains 170 valuable historical buildings.
Sibiu – Old City
A beautiful, medieval city, also built by the inhabitants of Transylvania. Many of city’s walls have been preserved to this day. A really impressive aspect lays in its huge Grand Square and the astonishing buildings around it.
Sighisoara – Old City
A medieval town surrounded by a wide range of city walls and numerous watchtowers. Sighisoara was founded by the German craftsmen who lived in this area until the 20th century.
The fortification was founded in the late 12th century and was an important commercial center and a rich city, home to many important structures.
Historic palaces and castles
Bran Castle – Brasov: Perhaps the country’s most famous castle. Although historically speaking, Vlad the Impaler is not associated with this castle, since the publication of Bram Stoker’s book, “Dracula”, many now believe that this castle was the residence of the legendary Count Dracula. This picturesque castle has been built on top of the mountains, in the 14th century.
Corvin Castle – Hunedoara
One of the largest castles in Europe, it has been built throughout many stages from the year 1440 until the 19th century.
Peles Castle – Prahova
The magnificent palace inside was built between 1873 and 1914 on a modern Renaissance style.
Rasnov Citadel – Brasov
Dating back to the Middle Ages, this citadel was designed to protect the local population. Its fortifications have been built on the top of this hill since prehistoric times.
The wooden churches of Romania
Church of the Archangels Michael and Gabriel in Şurdeşti – Maramureş – A wooden church built between 1721 – 1724 with a 54m tall tower.
Church of the Angels – Maramureş – One of the most beautiful Woden church in the Maramureş region. It was built in 1633 and is decorated with traditional wood carvings. The interior is decorated with superb paintings from 1785.
Church of the Presentation of the Virgin – Maramureş – Another amazing wooden church in the same area, built in 1720. The interior is beautifully decorated with beautiful Baroque frescoes.
Other important monuments in Romania
Palace of the Parliament – Bucharest
The world’s largest parliament building, the world’s second-largest administrative building after the Pentagon and the world’s third-largest building by size and weight. This giant structure was built in neo-classical style between 1984 – 1997.
Palace of Culture – Iasi
A very attractive building built in the Gothic style between 1906-1925. It has 298 rooms and 4 museums.
Clock Tower – Sigisoara
A monumental, 64-meter-high fortified building, constructed in the 14th century and rebuilt in the 16th century. This tower contains an clock that shows the time with moving puppets.