No other country in ancienthistory has captured the attention and imagination of historians and archaeologists as mch as Egypt did. The mysteries surround its origins, religion and monumental architecture, especially the colossal temples, the pyramids and the enormous Sphinx. The Egyptian pyramids are the most famous ancient monuments of mankind, the only miracle remaining among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The seeds of Egyptian civilization were sown for the first time along the banks of the Nile. This powerful river, which flows from the heart of Africa to the Mediterranean, has fostered the development of a pharaonic kingdom that has ruled a good part of the world for almost 3,000 years, leaving behind a rich heritage of art, architecture and mythology.
The ancient Egyptians left behind many secrets that archaeologists and geologists could not solve even after 6000 years. In this article we will discuss about some of the greatest mysteries of this civilization:
How were the pyramids built?
The huge pyramids built by the ancient Egyptians are one of the main elements of their legacy that has greatly puzzled historians. How did a civilization that did not have modern construction equipment manage to transport the huge blocks of stone and all the materials needed to build these huge pyramids?
Different specialists came with many assumptions, but none of them could be very convincing. One of them is given by the chemist Joseph Davidovits, who states that the stone blocks were built even on top of each other, and this would explain their great weight and the lack of gaps between them. However, geologists and paleontologists argue that these blocks are sedimentary rocks processed, thus rejecting Davidovits theory.
The secret chambers of the Great Pyramid of Giza.
In 1993, the crawler robot Upuaut 2 discovered a small door in the southern axis of the pyramid, behind which was later found an empty space and another door.
In 2012, a more advanced technology robot called Djedi entered the same place in the pyramid, succeeding in taking pictures beyond the first door, in pictures observing copper handles and paintings made in red ocher.
Moreover, despite the fact that no one has entered the shaft for 9 years, fresh scratches have appeared on the walls and ceiling of the secret room.
How did Pharaoh Tutankhamun die?
The young Pharaoh Tutankhamun has fascinated historians since the opening of his tomb in 1922, but his life – and the death at 19 – remains somewhat of a mystery. But British experts have a theory about the death of the one who was to climb the throne of Egypt from the age of 9: it seems that he died following an accident, and the mummification ritual performed subsequently destroyed his body. Other theories related to Tutankhamun’s death include murder, snake bite, tuberculosis, leprosy and malaria.
What is the true age of the Sphinx?
For a long time, historians have considered that the Sphinx was built immediately after the completion of the Great Pyramid (Keops Pyramid), that is, 4,500 years ago. The contestants of this hypothesis claim, however, that the gigantic monument with a lion’s body and a human head is more than 10,500 years old. This theory is supported by the erosion caused by the rain, by the architectural style much different from the other Egyptian monuments, as well as by the discovery of a submerged palace in the Giza plateau, whose age seems to be the same as the Sphinx’s. Moreover, it seems that the disproportionate size of the body to the head is caused by the rediscovery of the monument to give it the image of a pharaoh.
Known worldwide for her beauty, the Egyptian queen Nefertiti was to be the wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten and was known as the Nile Leader and the Daughter of the Gods. From the twelfth year of Akhenaten’s rule, there is nothing about the Nefertites. It’s like she suddenly disappeared.
These are just a few of the many mysteries that surround the culture of Ancient Egypt. Currently, Egyptian archaeologists are still making important discoveries, conducting scientific studies on royal mummies, deciphering hieroglyphic writings and researching the lives of Egyptian peasants to answer more questions about their evolution.