Lebanon is one of the most beautiful countries in the Middle East. It is filled with a natural, poetic landscape, with the longest mountains in the region, ski resorts, large forests, green fields and beautiful beaches. Everything here, whether man made or natural, characterizes this country perfectly, making it a unique destination for tourists, especially from the Arab world.
Medieval cities and structures
The medieval towns in Lebanon, such as Saida, Batroun and Deir El-Qamar are all magnificent buildings. Lebanon used to be a Roman province, and this can be seen in the Roman towns, especially in the center of the ancient city of Baalbek. In the city of Tire there are also many ancient Roman shrines.
Afqa Cave and Falls – Mount Lebanon is a huge cave, with a powerful spring leaving behind eye-catching waterfalls. The cave is located at the foot of a 180-meter-long slope. In the cave was located the ancient temple, thought to be the birthplace of “Apollon.” The cave is 5.260 meters long.
Faouar ed Dara – Mount Lebanon is located at a depth of 622 meters, and the tallest pit is 120m tall.
Jiita Cave – Mount Lebanon: One of the most beautiful landscapes in Lebanon, with a depth of 10.050 meters, and a lake with an area of 800 meters.
Jezzine Falls — South: A nearly 90 meters high waterfall.
Chekka Bay Springs – North: One of the most important and most powerful springs in the Mediterranean Sea. Located at a depth of 23 meters, the total discharge is about 2 cubic meters / second, but in January it can reach up to several tens of cubic meters / second.
Jisr al-Hajar – Mount Lebanon is a magnificent natural arch extending over 38 meters. The river passes beneath it, forming spectacular waterfalls.
The Raouche Rock in Beirut: Two giant rocks in the sea near central Beirut.
Ksar Akil: a settlement dating back to the Stone Age. Here is the skeleton of a Neanderthal 8-year-old boy The earliest humans lived here 45,000 years ago.
Byblos in Mount Lebanon: Perhaps the oldest inhabited city in the world, with buildings of similar size developed during the third millennium BC. Today, it contains the remains of Phoenician temples and medieval architecture.
Sarepta — South: the only abandoned ruins of the ancient Phoenician city. It was first discovered in the 14th century BC. The site contains ancient port structures as well as Phoenician columns, marble slabs and other artifacts.
Ancient Sidon — South: The remains of the Phoenician city now became partially under the waters of the Mediterranean Sea. Sidon is one of the oldest cities, a settlement since the Neolithic.
Baalbek – Beqaa: a very old settlement dating back 9,000 years, featuring ruins of the Roman era, when this was an important regional city. In order to build the Roman temples, some of the largest stone blocks that were moved here reached 1,650 tons. The Grand Court Complex in Baalbek is one of the greatest architectural locations in the ancient world.
Tyre – South: a very old city founded by the Phoenicians in 2.750 BC, considered to be an old trade center, it was reportedly protected by walls that reached 46 meters long. The city contains many remains of ancient buildings and Roman baths, a hippodrome, Roman colonnaded roads, the remains of Christian cathedrals and castles. The hippodrome here used to be one of the largest ones in the Roman world.