When we think about Africa, our mind often wanders to the diverse species of wild animals. On this continent we can truly find the most complex wildlife in the world, together with amazing landscapes and natural terrain ranging from sub-polar climates to the tropics.
In Africa you can find a variety of natural habitats, ranging from tropical forests and savannas to arid deserts. Africa is home to some of the world’s most magnificent animals, and various endangered species.
The continent has the most national natural parks on the planet, with the total adding up to 335, and protects more than 1,100 species of mammals, 100,000 species of insects, 2,600 species of birds and 3,000 species of wolves. In addition, there are hundreds of nature reserves, forests, marine reserves, national parks and natural parks here.
Serengeti National Park – Tanzania
One of the oldest African wildlife reserves, the park is famous for the annual migration of millions of antelopes in addition to thousands of zebras, gazelles and predators. Offering one of the most beautiful natural landscapes in the world, the park is located in a unique location where desert areas are beautifully mixed with rock, rivers and forests. In this park, the encounters between predators and their prey are the most numerous and diverse in the whole world.
Serengeti National Park stretches over an area of 12,950 square kilometers and is one of the world’s most untouched natural ecosystems.
Masai Mara National Reserve – Kenya
Located in Narok, Kenya, near Serengeti National Park, this natural reserve is named in honor of the Maasai people living in this area. The place is known for being home to plenty of tigers, leopards and lions and for the migration of zebra, deer and antelope to and from Serengeti Park each year from July to October, called Great Migration.
The Masai Mara Reserve is relatively small and here live about 95 species of mammals, amphibians, reptiles and more than 400 species of birds. The buffalo, the elephant, the leopard, the lion and the rhinoceros thrive here along with leopards, hyenas, giraffes, antelopes, monkeys, zebras, elephants, hippos and crocodiles living in the Mara River.
Bwindi National Park – Uganda
Located in south-west Uganda in East Africa, the park covers an area of 331 square kilometers and can be reached only by foot. The park is located on the eastern edge of the Albertine Rift Valley and has a rich ecosystem, being home to the largest number of tree species in East Africa. Various animals live here, including butterflies and mammals. Nearly half of the world’s mountain gorillas live here, with a total of 340 gorillas.
Amboseli National Park – Kenya
One of the most popular parks in Kenya and located in the southern part of the country, on the border with Tanzania. The Amboseli National Park offers one of the most spectacular views of the Kilimanjaro Mountains, which are 5,985 meters high and dominate the entire region. The park attracts thousands of visitors every year because of the large numbers of elephants and predators such as lions, leopards and tigers who live here.
Kruger National Park – South Africa
One of the largest national parks in the world with an area of 19,485 square kilometers, it is the first national park in South Africa, having opened in 1926. In the Kruger National Park live more species of mammals than in any other nature reserve in Africa.
Chobe National Park – Botswana
Located in northwest Botswana near the border with Zambia, Zimbabwe and Namibia, this park is famous for its beautiful elephants. The 50,000 elephants here are the largest gathering of elephants in Africa. The ideal time to visit this place is in the dry season, from April to October.
Etosha National Park – Namibia
It is located in north-west Namibia and covers an area of 22,270 square kilometers. Here live hundreds of species of mammals, birds and reptiles including endangered species such as the Black Rhino. The salt field in Etosha is 4,800 square kilometers. The word “etosha” means salt in the local language.
Central Kalahari Reserve – Botswana
Being the second largest natural reserve in the world, Kalahari Desert covers an area of 52,800 square kilometers. Here you’ll find beautiful large areas of vast plains and salt fields. The land is mostly flat and covered with grass fields, interestingly interspersed with sand dunes and forests. Giraffes, leopards, wild dogs, tigers, lions and many types of antelopes live here.
Nechisar National Park – Ethiopia
Nechisar is a small, 514 square kilometers park, located in a charming area of the Rift Valley between two lakes. To the east is the town of Arba, the main district of the North Omo region. In the center there are the middle plains, appear white from far away, and hence called Nechisar or “white grass”.
Nechisar National Park is an important habitat for many species of birds, especially migratory birds. Here live swans, flamingos and eagles.