Indonesia is a very large country both in terms of population and area, with significant cultural and geographical diversity. There are 18,110 islands here, with 6,000 of them inhabited, and it is the largest archipelago in the world. The country’s population of 240 million is made from 300 ethnic groups that speak more than 250 different languages.
If Bali is undoubtedly the most popular destination in Indonesia among foreign tourists, there are other attractions still waiting to be discovered.
Lake Toba in Sumatra is a huge volcanic lake stretching over an area of about 100 km. Genetic estimates indicate that there were only a few thousand survivors of the disasters on this lake. The Central Island – Pulau Samosir – is the largest island contained on another island, and it features two lakes. Tourists come here to relax and swim in the warm volcanic waters.
The Tanjung Puting National Park is located on Borneo Island in the center of the Kalimantan province. The park is a popular eco-tourism destination and many local travel agencies offer cruises to the park on weekdays. It is a great opportunity to enjoy the wildlife in this region and you will be able to visit the many research centers located here. In the park you will find different types of animals such as monkeys, tigers, bears and crocodiles. Unfortunately, the park is seriously threatened by illegal deforestation.
The Baliem Valley in the Western New Guinea will give you a good idea of how life was in the Stone Age. The valley was discovered only in 1938 by a Dutch expedition with the help of a large number of local farmers. Here you can find beautiful mountains, rivers and human settlements that provide an opportunity to get to know the Dani tribes.
Mount Bromo is an active volcanic region part of the Tengger massif in the eastern part of Java. This area is one of the most beautiful places in Indonesia because of the incredible scenery it provides.
Located in the northern part of the Sulawesi Island, Bunaken is the most famous diving area in Indonesia. The island is part of the Bunaken Marine Park, where tourists can admire more than 70% of all fish species in the Pacific Ocean. The best period for diving is from April to November.
Torajaland (Tana Toraja) is located in the high area of Sulawesi, and is the place where Toraja residents live. The area is known for the houses with huge roofs here, known as the Tongkonan.
Komodo National Park
Komodo National Park is located on the Lesser Sunda Islands, consisting of 3 large islands (Komodo, Padar, Rincah) and 26 smaller islands. The park is named after the Komodo Dragon, the largest reptile in the world that can be up to 3 meters long and can weigh more than 70 kg. Although the Komodo generally eats the remains of dead animals, they are great predators and can hunt birds and mammals. However, attacks on humans are extremely rare.
Borobudur is located 40 km northwest of Yogyakarta (Java) and is one of the most famous Buddhist temples in the world. The temple was built between the 8th and 9th centuries during the reign of the Kingdom of Salendra, and its construction took 75 years and used more than 2 million stone blocks. The temple of Borobudur was abandoned in the fourteenth century for reasons still unknown and was hidden in the forest, under thick layers of volcanic ash. Today the temple of Borobudur is one of the most popular and sought after tourist attractions in Indonesia.
The Bali Island is one of the most popular tourist destinations and is considered one of the most beautiful islands in the world, and consistently wins lots of tourism awards. The gorgeous coastal landscape, tropical beaches, rice fields and volcanic hills make up a wonderful and colorful scenery, and the spiritual influences of the Hindu culture which stand out on the island are truly unique. The people here are very friendly and the beautiful beaches are perfect for windsurfing and diving.